A body of mass 2 kg is moving in the positive X-Direction with a speed of 4 m/s collides head on with an another body of mass 3 kg moving in the negative X-Direction with a speed of 1 m/s . During collision a loud sound is heard and they both start moving together . the sound energy cannot be greater than :
A) 12 J
B) 14 J
C) 15 J
D) 17.5 J 



5 years ago Comment

[latex]m_1=2 \\ m_2=3 \\ v_1=4 \\ v_2=1 \\ v\text{ =speed after collision (to be determined)}.[/latex]

The momentul of the system preserves:

[latex]m_1v_1-m_2v_2=(m_1+m_2)v \ \ \ \ \ \Rightarrow \ \ \ \ \ v=\dfrac{m_1v_1-m_2v_2}{m_1+m_2}.[/latex]

Ok, we found the speed after the collision.
Now, because the impact is plastic, it produces heat, sound energy and who knows what other forms of energy. We denote all this wasted energy with [latex]E[/latex].

Now, we write the energy conservation law:


From the above equation, you find [latex]E[/latex],  and then conclude that the sound energy can certainly not be greater than this.